1. What is the average resting heart rate for a horse?
35 beats per minute.
2. What is the most reliable way to age a horse?
Examination of the teeth.
3. To help prevent forging, a farrier might ________ the toe on the ________ feet.
Square the toe on the hind feet.
4. What do the acronyms IM and IV stand for and what is the difference when giving a shot?
IM stands for intramuscular and IV stands for intravenous. IM shots are typically given in the neck muscle on either side; IV shots are typically given in the jugular vein on either side of the neck.
1.) Name four common bandaging styles for wrapping injuries.
Treatment, Pressure, Spider, Figure 8
2.) What are some signs of colic?
Depression, lying down at unusual times, restlessness, rolling, general discomfort, pawing, kicking or biting at the belly, flehmen (curling of the upper lip), sweating, increased pulse and respiration, disinterest in eating or drinking, yawning and grinding of teeth, slow capillary refill time, pale gums.
3.) What is meant by proud flesh?
Proud flesh is the common term for exuberant granulation. It is an angry looking tissue that bleeds very easily. Corticosteroids may be used to slow the growth of proud flesh but be aware that they can also slow healing. Pressure bandages may also help to control the formation of proud flesh. Proud flesh that cannot be controlled by corticosteroids or bandaging should be surgically removed. Occasionally, a keloid will form as a fragile, dry, skin-like covering over proud flesh. This scar protrudes above skin level and is subject to cracking and peeling. The keloid lacks elasticity because it does not have an underlying skin layer and may require a skin graft for reparation64.
4.) Describe the condition commonly referred to as scratches.
Scratches is the common name for dermatitis and is also known as mud fever, greasy heels, cracked heels, white pastern disease and dew poisoning. It is generally present on the lower legs, and white leg markings are predisposed to it. The skin swells and chaps followed by weeping red skin at the back of the pasterns.
5.) What is a normal temperature range for a horse?
99-101 deg F
Round 1 of our horsemanship questions are taken directly from last year’s test. Make sure to check back in for the answers in a few weeks! Each round of questions will stay up for 2 months so be sure to save them for future studying!
1.) USEF rule GR845 states that horses entering the show grounds must be accompanied by what documentation?
At Federation licensed competitions, horses entering the grounds must be accompanied by documentation of Equine Influenza Virus and Equine Herpes Virus (Rhinopneumonitis) vaccinations within six months prior to entering the stables. Horses not in compliance with this rule may be required to leave the competition grounds upon request by Competition Management. Documentation should consist of one of the following methods mentioned below. The frequency of vaccine administration should be per the vaccine manufacturers’ or veterinarian’s recommendations. It is recommended that vaccines are administered by or under the direction of a veterinarian
2.) What is the minimum time a horse must sleep laying down (REM sleep) a day?
30 minutes a day.
3.) The drug Omeprazole is used to prevent and treat what condition a horse may present?
Horses suffering from gastric ulcers benefit from the administration of Omeprazole, a drug that decreases the production of stomach acid.
4.) How long should a 6 stride line be set in a typical 3′ course?
5.) What body part does white line disease affect?
The horsemanship questions will be back for the 2019 season! These questions are provided by the NEEC Committee to help junior riders study and prepare for the horsemanship exam at this year’s New England Finals. The questions and answers will remain on the website for a month and a new set of questions and answers will then go up. These questions will not necessarily all be on the 2019 test, but are a combination of questions that have been on past years’ tests and could show up again on this year’s test. Some of the questions/topics posted here on the site are taken from the USHJA Horsemanship Study Guide and the United States Pony Club Manual, which are both excellent study resources. Make sure to check back each month and start your studying! Good luck!