The horsemanship questions are back by popular demand! These questions are provided by the NEEC Committee to help junior riders study and prepare for the horsemanship exam at this year’s New England Finals. The questions and answers will remain on the website for a month and a new set of questions and answers will then go up. Some of the questions/topics posted here on the site are taken from the USHJA Horsemanship Study Guide, which is another excellent study source. First round of questions below:
- What are scratches?
- Scratches is the common name for dermatitis and is also known as mud fever, greasy
heels, cracked heels, white pastern disease and dew poisoning. It is generally present
on the lower legs and white leg markings are predisposed to it. The skin swells and
chaps followed by weeping red skin at the back of the pasterns.
- Scratches may be caused by: Caked-on manure or mud • Sandy or abrasive soil • Grit
of training surfaces • Rough stubble in fields • Urine soaked and filthy bedding,
causing chemical and bacterial irritation • Sand and dirt caught between boots or leg
wraps and the horse’s legs • Failing to thoroughly dry the horse’s legs after bathing
- Name several signs a horse may be colicing
- Depression, lying down at unusual times, restlessness, general discomfort, pawing, kicking or biting at the belly, flehmen (curling of the upper lip), sweating, increased pulse and respiration, disinterest in eating, yawning and grinding of teeth
- What is a normal temperature for a horse?
- Name a NSAID
- Why does your horse receive a west nile vaccine?
- Vaccines work by getting the horse’s body to produce antibodies for a particular disease. Vaccines do not give a horse 100 percent immunity, but a horse that is immunized will have a milder case of the disease.
- Name some diseases that affect the respiratory system.
- Equine Herpes Virus (EHV)